Lead Based PaintThe U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has issued Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in public housing. These Guidelines are not intended for use by untrained persons attempting to control lead-based paint hazards. Under EPA regulations, contractors and individuals must be trained and certified to conduct inspections, risk assessments, and lead-based paint abatement activities.

Health Hazards

Lead is highly toxic and affects virtually every system of the body. At high exposure levels, lead poisoning can cause coma, seizure, and death. While adults can also suffer from excessive lead exposures, the groups most at risk are fetuses, infants, and children under age of six years. At low levels lead’s neurotoxic effects have the greatest impact on children’s developing brains and nervous systems, causing reductions in IQ and attention span, reading and learning disabilities, hyperactivity, and behavioral problems.

Causes of Childhood Lead Poisoning

  1. Lead in Residential Paint
  2. Lead-Based Paint in Housing
  3. Lead in Surface Dust
  4. Lead in Soil